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日式庭院景觀樹的設計風格特點

發布日期:2019-03-19 瀏覽次數:127

在庭院里種植的樹種,庭院里造型優美的景觀樹更是能給人帶來美的享受,不知道大家有沒有注意日式庭院設計之美,現代日式庭院越來越吸收禪宗思想里關于沉思冥想的設計思路,日式庭院里的景觀樹仿佛也因此被披上了一層靈氣。下面中國景觀網為大家整理下日式庭院景觀樹的設計風格特點。

【日式庭院景觀樹的設計風格特點】

1、日本庭院景觀樹的專屬名稱:

在日式庭院中,樹木常常具有抽象化的名稱。


比如:“役木”指庭院內最重要位置所植栽的樹木;一棵松樹斜靠在門檐上的栽種方式稱為“門冠”;石燈籠旁邊配植的樹木則被稱作“燈障之木”。

這些具有好聽名稱的景觀樹,與庭院主景形成對比,加深景深,而樹木根據其造景功能命名也成為日式庭院的一大特色。

2、日本庭院景觀樹的色彩特點:

日式庭院獨具悲涼氣氛和禪宗意境,因此樹木的整體色調淡雅,避免使用會開出大片艷麗花卉的樹木,也不會出現過多色相的色彩。


日式庭院在植物造景和樹種選擇上以綠色為基調,但在其中還是會有冷暖的變化。如上圖的小棵紅楓樹與談粉色的櫻花樹,都豐富了環境色彩。樹木色調淡雅、清新且不顯突兀,給整個庭院帶來變化與層次感。

3、日本庭院景觀樹的栽植方式:

日式庭院的樹木栽植若采用靜態平衡手法,會帶來規整有序之感,如上圖中樹木沿著臺階整齊有序布置,烘托寺院肅穆氛圍。日式庭院對非對稱動態平衡栽植的運用則更為淋漓盡致,“無章法”的樹木搭配,看似遠近高低各不相同,實則充分尊重樹木的自然生長,從而達到另一種“無形”之美。


在栽種樹木的時候,運用點、線、面的構成原理形成多種組合形式,特意使遠景樹木的形態高低各異,以便讓近景草坪上矮小樹木集中視線,頗有畫論中"遠樹無形"之感,加強景深。

4、日本庭院景觀樹的自然哲思

日式庭院中樹的韻律,是由連續性元素彼此之間關聯形成的。日式建筑家具和樹木能產生共鳴,就連在傳統日式房間內樹木也別有一番風姿。

將植物與日常家居結合,這傳達了與自然和諧相處的美好理念。不同于假花假葉帶給人過于繁榮精致、不會凋零的虛假感,真實的樹木在房間里反映著時光的變幻,枯榮有序,展示著最質樸的自然法則。


與現代風格融合的新式日式庭院,特選枝椏繁茂、枝干曲折的單棵樹木,不僅形態上極具觀賞性,雖只一棵卻也欣欣向榮,是“一樹一片林”禪宗思想的真實體現。日月造型景石鋪于地面,乃整個景觀布置的畫龍點睛之筆。其與孤樹完美結合,傳達出“天地為一”的思想,小小景觀,充滿禪意哲思。

以上就是中國景觀網為大家整理的有關日式庭院景觀樹的特點,希望對您設計庭院時有一定的參考價值。






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